Disaster Management Training in Indonesia
Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja
Deputy Minister for Prevention and Preparedness
National Disaster Management Authority of Indonesia (BNPB)
BNPB Education and Training Center which is often referred as Indonesia Disaster Relief Training Ground (Ina-DRTG), was established in 2008 with the purpose of strengthening the human resources of BNPB and vision to become a center of excellence in DM training and education. Its task and responsibilities include conducting training needs assessment, developing disaster management curriculum and modules, organizing various DM training courses, monitoring and evaluating the results of training, and also supporting provincial training centers in delivering DM training. Types of training provided in this facility can be categorized into: decision maker level training, managerial level training, field/technical level training, training courses for private sector, and training courses for community.
The facility certainly faces several potential and existing challenges related to disaster management training, yet it has also prepared some measures to address them well. The measures, among others, are capacity improvement of the training center to cater the large number of people requiring its service and establishment of e-learning system that will provide online courses open to all. It also works with provincial training centers to train DM agencies in district/city level and other relevant local government offices whilst collaborates with national and international partners in providing training as well as tapping into their expertise and resource persons. In a more general level, BNPB introduces a ‘movement’ approach through which it engages stakeholders’ voluntary actions in capacity building for DRM.
The ‘movements’ are mainly initiated by the Deputy for Prevention and Preparedness’ office. To complement the efforts conducted by BNPB Education and Training Center/Ina-DRTG in building the capacity of the people for DRM, the office also introduces the National Preparedness Day. The NPD is basically inspired by Japan’s Prevention Day of 1 September, South Korea’s Disaster preparedness and Emergency Day of May and the US Preparedness Month of September. The purpose of NPD is to build community’s awareness and alertness to disaster by way of engaging the participation of all stakeholders, whilst the objective is to build capacity and capability of all relevant stakeholders in disaster preparedness. To achieve NPD’s target in which ‘all people living in Indonesia are safe from disaster’, its strategies consist of socialization, public campaign, approach to print and electronic media, and engagement of religious and community leaders, and CSO leaders. NPD constitutes a ‘movement’ approach through which it engages stakeholders’ voluntary actions in capacity building for DRR and preparedness as well as public campaign and awareness raising. This movement, along with the DRR movement to conserve river, mountain and coastal areas, becomes a learning movement for all.
At the end of the day, the combination of proper training and routine exercise or simulation can significantly contribute to a more effective and efficient prevention measures. This finally leads us to recall a famous axiom of Benjamin Franklin,” An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”